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New York

  •   State: 
    New York
    New York County
    New York
      County FIPS: 
    40°42′46″N 74°00′22″W
      Area total: 
    472.43 sq mi (1,223.59 km²)
      Area land: 
    300.46 sq mi (778.18 km²)
      Area water: 
    171.97 sq mi (445.41 km²)
    33 ft (10 m)
    1624; Settled 1624 (399 years ago) ( 1624 ) Consolidated 1898 (125 years ago) ( 1898 )
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 

    New York, New York County, New York, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    29,302.66 residents per square mile of area (11,313.81/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

New York City is the most densely populated major city in the United States. The city is home to the headquarters of the United Nations. As many as 800 languages are spoken in New York, making it the most linguistically diverse city. The New York metropolitan area is estimated to produce a gross metropolitan product of over $2.1 trillion, ranking it first worldwide. In 2019, New York City was voted the greatest city of the world by a survey of over 30,000 people from 48 cities worldwide. The Statue of Liberty greeted millions of immigrants as they came to the U.S. by ship in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and is a symbol of liberty and peace. The Empire State Building has become the global standard of reference to describe the height and length of other structures. The Stonewall National Monument is considered the historic epic of the gay rights movement and the birthplace of the modern gay+ culture. A record 66.6 million tourists visited New York in 2019. New York has the highest number of billionaires and millionaires of any city and, in 2017, was the wealthiest city inThe New York Times has won the most Pulitzer Prizes for journalism and remains the U-S. media's "newspaper of record" New York is a global cultural, financial, entertainment, and media center with a significant influence on commerce, health care and life sciences, research, technology, education, politics, tourism, dining, art, fashion, and sports. In the 21st century, New City has emerged as a global node of creativity, entrepreneurship, and environmental sustainability.


New York is the primary city name, but also Bowling Green are acceptable city names or spellings, Manhattan, New York City, NY, Ny City, Nyc on the other hand no longer accepted or obsolete and are no longer used as a designation. In 1664, New York was named in honor of the Duke of York, who would become King James II of England. James's elder brother, King Charles II, appointed the Duke proprietor of the former territory of New Netherland, including the city of New Amsterdam, when England seized it from Dutch control. New York is now the largest city in the United States, with a population of more than one million. The city's name is derived from the word "youth", which means "young man" or "young person" in English. The word "New York" is also used in the name of the city's harbor, which was once called "New Amsterdam" New York's name was also used to refer to the city as a whole, as it was once known as "New Netherland" and was once part of the Dutch colony of New Netherlands. The name was changed to New York City in 1664 by King Charles I of England, who seized the territory from the Dutch. The current name of New York came into use in the early 17th century, when the city was named after King James I of the Kingdom of England and his son, James II. The town is still called New York by many locals. It is located on the East River, near the Hudson River, and was originally known as the "East River" or the "Manhattan" River, which ran through the city. It was named for King James's son, King James, who was born in New York.


In the pre-Columbian era, the area of present-day New York City was inhabited by Algonquian Native Americans, including the Lenape. The first documented visit into New York Harbor by a European was in 1524 by Italian Giovanni da Verrazzano, an explorer from Florence in the service of the French crown. In 1609, the English explorer Henry Hudson rediscovered New York harbor while searching for the Northwest Passage to the Orient for the Dutch East India Company. The area between Cape Cod and Delaware Bay was claimed by the Netherlands and called Nieuw-Nederland ('New Netherland') In 1626, the Dutch colonial Director-General Peter Minuit, acting as charged by the Dutch West India Company, purchased the island of Manhattan from a small Lenape band for "the value of 60 guilders" (about $900 in 2018) A disproved legend claims that Manhattan was purchased for $24 worth of glass beads. The colony of New Amsterdam was centered on what would ultimately be known as Lower Manhattan. It extended from the southern tip of Manhattan to modern day Wall Street, where a 12-foot wooden stockade was built in 1653 to protect against Native American and British raids. New York is the 12th oldest continuously occupied European-established settlement in the continental United States with the founding of a Dutch fur trading settlement on Governors Island in 1624. Since 1621, the Netherlands has operated as a New Netherland, on authority granted by theDutch States General.


New York City is situated in the northeastern United States, in southeastern New York State, approximately halfway between Washington, D.C. and Boston. The city's total area is 468.484 square miles (1,213.37 km²); 302.643 sq mi (783.84 km²) of the city is land and 165.841 sq mi of this is water. Most of New York city is built on the three islands of Long Island, Manhattan, and Staten Island. If the boroughs were each independent cities, four of the Boroughs would be among the ten most populous cities in the United States (Staten Island would be ranked 37th as of 2020) These same boroughs are coterminous with the four most densely populated counties in the U.S.: New York (Manhattan), Kings (Brooklyn), Bronx, and Queens. The borough of Manhattan is often described as the financial and cultural center of the world. It is home to Central Park and most of theCity's skyscrapers, and is sometimes locally known as The City. Manhattan's population density of 72,033 people per square mile (27,812/km²) in 2015 makes it the highest of any county in theUnited States and higher than the density of any individual American city. The highest point in the City is Todt Hill on Staten Island, which, at 409.8 feet (124.9 m) above sea level, is the highest point on the eastern seaboard south of Maine.


New York City is the most populous U.S. city, with 8,804,190 residents in 2020. The city's population is about 44% of New York State's population, and about 39% of the population of the New York metropolitan area. In 2020, the city had an estimated population density of 29,302.37 inhabitants per square mile (11,313.71/km²), rendering it the nation's most densely populated of all larger municipalities (those with more than 100,000 residents) New York City gained more residents between 2010 and 2020 (629,000) than the total sum of the gains over the same decade of the next four largest U.S. cities, Los Angeles, Chicago, Houston, and Phoenix, Arizona combined. New York contains the highest total Asian population of any U.N. city proper, and is also the most ethnically diverse urban area in the world. More than half of all children in the city are born to mothers who are immigrants as of 2013. The Chinese population constitutes the fastest-growing nationality in New York state; multiple satellites of the original Manhattan's Chinatown are home to the highest concentration of Chinese people in the Western Hemisphere. In 2012, 612,410 individuals, including nearly three-fourths of Chinese ethnicity, were living in either Queens or Brooklyn, geographically on Long Island, or in either Brooklyn or Queens in either Long Island. The New York County borough of Manhattan's population density is the highest of any county in the United States and higher than the density of any individual American city.


The term global city was popularized by sociologist Saskia Sassen in her 1991 work, The Global City: New York, London, Tokyo. New York is a center for worldwide banking and finance, health care and life sciences, medical technology and research, retailing, world trade, transportation, tourism, real estate, new media, advertising, legal services, accountancy, insurance, both musical and prose theater, fashion, and the arts in the United States. The Port of New York and New Jersey is a major economic engine, handling a maritime cargo volume in the ten months through October 2022 of over 8.2 million TEUs. The city's fashion industry provides approximately 180,000 employees with $11 billion in annual wages. One out of ten private sector jobs in the city is with a foreign company. In 2013, senior New York City bank officers who manage risk and compliance functions earned as much as $324,000 annually. In fiscal year 201314, Wall Street's securities industry generated 19% of New New York State's tax revenue. The New York Stock Exchange, at 11 Wall Street, is home to the world's largest and second largest stock exchanges, respectively, when measured both by overall average daily trading volume and by total market capitalization of their listed companies in 2013. Many Fortune 500 corporations are headquartered in New York city, as are a large number of multinational corporations. In 2015, fewer than 23,000 New York residents were employed in the manufacture of garments, accessories and finished textiles.


New York City has the largest educational system of any city in the world. The city's educational infrastructure spans primary education, secondary education, higher education, and research. The New York City Public Schools system serves about 1.1 million students in more than 1,700 separate primary and secondary schools. The public CUNY system is one of the largest universities in the nation, comprising 25 institutions across all five boroughs. The graduates of SUNY Maritime College in the Bronx earned the highest average annual salary of any university graduates in the United States, $144,000 as of 2017. There are 127 Nobel laureates with roots in local institutions as of 2004. In 2019, the New York metropolitan area ranked first on the list of cities and metropolitan areas by share of published articles in life sciences. New York has the most postgraduate life sciences degrees awarded annually in the U.S., and in 2012, 43,523 licensed physicians were practicing in the city. The City University of New York (CUNY) system alone as of 2020 has more than half a million students, the highest number in any city. Some of the world's most prestigious institutions like Princeton University and Yale University remain in the NYC metropolitan area. The NYC area is home to many smaller private colleges and universities, including Pace University, St. John's University, The Juilliard School, Manhattan College, Adelphi University - Manhattan, Parsons School of Design, The New School, Pratt Institute, New York Film Academy, The School of Visual Arts.

Human resources

New York City Health and Hospitals Corporation (HHC) operates the public hospitals and outpatient clinics in New York City. HHC operates 11 acute care hospitals, five nursing homes, six diagnostic and treatment centers, and more than 70 community-based primary care sites. Bellevue Hospital is the designated hospital for treatment of the President of the United States and other world leaders if they become sick or injured in the city. The New York Police Department (NYPD) has been the largest police force in the U.S. by a significant margin, with more than 35,000 sworn officers. The FDNY employs approximately 11,080 uniformed and 3,300 uniformed firefighters, the second largest fire department in the world after the Tokyo Fire Department. The NYPD came under scrutiny for its use of a stop-and-frisk program, which has undergone several policy revisions since then. In 2014, New York had the third-lowest murder rate among the largest U.S. cities, having become significantly safer after a spike in crime in the 1970s through 1990s. In 2017, 60.1% of violent crime suspects were Black, 29.6% Hispanic, 6.5% White, 3.6%. Asian and 0.2% American Indian. The most well-known hospital in the HHC system is Bellevue. The president of HHC is Ramanathan Raju, MD, a surgeon and former CEO of the Cook County health system in Illinois. In August 2017, Mayor Bill de Blasio signed legislation outlawing pharmacies from selling cigarettes.

Culture and contemporary life

New York City has been described as the cultural capital of the world by Manhattan's Baruch College. The city is the birthplace of many cultural movements, including the Harlem Renaissance in literature and visual art; and hip-hop, punk, salsa, freestyle, Tin Pan Alley, certain forms of jazz, and (along with Philadelphia) disco in music. New York has more than 2,000 arts and cultural organizations and more than 500 art galleries. It is home to hundreds of cultural institutions and historic sites, including Central Park, the Guggenheim, and the Metropolitan Museum of Art. The New York Minute is the name for a section of Fifth Avenue running from 82nd to 105th streets. Many museums in the Upper East Side of Manhattan participate in the annual Museum Mile Festival, held each year in June to promote the world's most popular art and culture exhibitions. The 2013-2014 New York Fashion Week is one of the preeminent fashion events and is afforded extensive coverage by the media. It has also frequently been ranked the top fashion capital of. the world on the annual list compiled by the Global Language Monitor. In describing New York, author Tom Wolfe said, "Culture just seems to be in the air, like part of the weather." New York City is the subject or background of many plays and musicals, and is frequently the setting for novels, movies, and television programs. In the 19th century, wealthy business magnates built a network of major cultural institutions, such as Carnegie Hall.


New York City has the lowest per-capita greenhouse gas emissions rate and electricity usage. The city's municipal water system is the largest in the United States, moving over one billion gallons of water per day. Walk and bicycle modes of travel account for 21% of all trips in the city; nationally the rate for metro regions is about 8%. New York City is the host of Climate Week NYC, the largest Climate Week to take place globally and regarded as major annual climate summit. New York is one of only four major cities in the U.S. the majority of whose drinking water is pure enough not to require purification through water treatment plants. The annual average concentration in New York's air of particulate matter measuring 2.5 micrometers or less (PM2.5) was 7.0 micrograms per cubic meter, or 3.0micrograms within the recommended limit of the WHO Air Quality Guidelines for the annual mean PM2. 5. The City is a leader in the construction of energy-efficient green office buildings, including the Hearst Tower among others. One of the most heavily used bodies of water in the Port of New York, it had been one of most contaminated industrial sites in the country, containing an estimated 30 million gallons (110,000 m3) of spilled oil, raw sewage, and other toxins, it has been designated a Superfund site for clean-up and remediation of the Superfundway. In 2018, New York announced a $1 billion investment to protect the integrity of its water system and to maintain the purity of its unfiltered water supply.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in New York, New York County, New York = 22.3. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 40. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 60. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in New York = 3.8 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 3,058 individuals with a median age of 37 age the population grows by 3.89% in New York, New York County, New York population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 29,302.66 residents per square mile of area (11,313.81/km²). There are average 2.63 people per household in the 3,091,394 households with an average household income of $48,588 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 10.30% of the available work force and has dropped -3.59% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 22.52%. The number of physicians in New York per 100,000 population = 156.8.


The annual rainfall in New York = 46.4 inches and the annual snowfall = 23.6 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 113. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 224. 86 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 25.8 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 45, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in New York, New York County, New York which are owned by the occupant = 28.33%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 56 years with median home cost = $458,960 and home appreciation of -8.93%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $6.88 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.

  • New York's population in New York County, New York of 1,080 residents in 1900 has increased 2,83-fold to 3,058 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 52.18% female residents and 47.82% male residents live in New York, New York County, New York.

    As of 2020 in New York, New York County, New York are married and the remaining 52.05% are single population.

  • 42.9 minutes is the average time that residents in New York require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    25.17% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 8.02% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 52.39% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 2.86% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in New York, New York County, New York, 28.33% are owner-occupied homes, another 64.79% are rented apartments, and the remaining 6.87% are vacant.

  • The 60.60% of the population in New York, New York County, New York who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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